- Ptolemy V Epiphanes
- King 204-180 BC.
Ptolemy V came to the throne at the age of five, as the result of a dynastic intrigue. During his reign the serious native revolts that had broken out at Thebes in the time of his predecessors, and resulted in the establishment of a line of native 'pharaohs' controlling the Theban area, continued. These were crushed in 186 BC and Ptolemy V regained control of the south, but similar uprisings occurred later in the next century, in 88-86 BC.In foreign affairs, Egypt lost most of her possessions in Asia Minor, Palestine and the Aegean, and managed to retain only Cyprus and Cyrene. Ptolemy V took a foreign wife—the daughter of the Seleucid king Antiochus III—and she became Queen Cleopatra I.Building projects at home included a chapel for the deified *Imhotep on the sacred island of Philae. A Decree (issued on March 27, 196 BC) commemorates the religious ceremonies that took place at the king's coronation at Memphis, but this has become famous not so much for its content as for the contribution that it made to the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs. Known today as the RosettaStone (since it was discovered at Rosetta in 1798), the Decree was inscribed in hieroglyphs, Demotic and Greek; this triple version enabled scholars, who knew Greek, to begin deciphering the corresponding Egyptian scripts.BIBL. Bevan, E. A History of Egypt under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. London: 1927; Skeat, T. C. The reigns of the Ptolemies. Munich: 1969.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David* * *(210–180 BC)Son of Ptolemy IV and Arsinoe III. He was born on 9 October 210 and was at first under the regency of various courtiers, notably Sosibios. He faced difficulties throughout his reign with revolts in Egypt that were eventually suppressed and clashes over Ptolemaic possessions in Syria and Palestine that were lost in 200 BC. He married a Seleucid princess, Cleopatra I. He died in September/October 180 BC and was succeeded by his son, Ptolemy VI.Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Ptolemy V Epiphanes — (Greek: polytonic|Πτολεμαῖος Ἐπιφανής, Ptolemaĩos Epiphanḗs , reigned 204–181 BCE), son of Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III of Egypt, was the 5th ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. He became ruler at the age of five, and under a series of… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy V Epiphanes — ▪ Macedonian king of Egypt (Greek: Illustrious) born c. 210 died 180 BC Macedonian king of Egypt from 205 BC under whose rule Coele Syria and most of Egypt s other foreign possessions were lost. After Sosibius, Ptolemy IV s corrupt… … Universalium
PTOLEMY — PTOLEMY, the common name of monarchs of the Macedonian (or Thirty First) Dynasty who ruled in Egypt from 323 to 30 B.C.E. It is unclear precisely how many such sovereigns there actually were; some scholars give a total of 14 and some 16. Most… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ptolemy Apion — or simply known as Apion (Greek: Πτολεμαίος ο Απίων, between 150 BC 145 BC 96 BC) was the last Greek Cyrenaean King and was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy in descent was Greek Macedonian and native Egyptian. His second name ’Apion’ is … Wikipedia
Epiphanes — may refer to: * Epiphanes (gnostic), legendary Gnostic writer * Ptolemy V Epiphanes (reigned 204–181 BC), ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty * Antiochus IV Epiphanes (c. 215–164 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empireee also*Epiphany … Wikipedia
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PTOLEMY — 1) the name of the Macedonian kings of Egypt, of which there were 14 in succession, of whom Ptolemy I., SOTER, was a favourite general of Alexander the Great, and who ruled Egypt from 328 to 285 B.C.; Ptolemy II., PHILADELPHUS, who ruled from… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Ptolemy VI Philometor — ▪ Macedonian king of Egypt GreekLoving His Mother flourished c. 180–145 BC Macedonian king of Egypt under whom an attempted invasion of Coele Syria resulted in the occupation of Egypt by the Seleucids. After Roman intervention and several… … Universalium
Ptolemy VIII Physcon — ptolemyPtolemy VIII Euergetes II ( el. Πτολεμαῖος Εὐεργέτης, Ptolemaĩos Euergétēs ) (c. 182 BC–26 June 116 BC), nicknamed gr. Φύσκων, Phúskōn , Physcon ( Sausage , Potbelly or Bladder ) for his obesity, was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in… … Wikipedia
PTOLEMY MACRON° — PTOLEMY MACRON°, a general under antiochus IV (Epiphanes). The author of II Maccabees (10:12) explicitly states that Ptolemy had taken the lead in preserving justice for the Jews. As a result, he was accused before antiochus V (Eupator) and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism